Many recent events and executive orders by Donald Trump in first few weeks of his presidency, have made headlines around the world. But, many people do not know about everything Donald Trump has done, and the impact of his decisions. Most of his decisions have been executive orders. An executive order is a legally binding order given by the President who is the head of the executive branch. An executive order is usually given to direct federal agencies in how to execute laws. During Trump’s first weeks in presidency, he has made 8 big decisions, most of them executive orders.
1. Attempt to cut down regulations on Businesses
An executive order that requests when a new regulation is proposed two other regulations will have to be specified to be dropped. Immediate Impact: No immediate impact, but will have to wait and see what new regulations are proposed and dropped.
2. Travel Ban
The suspension of refugees for 120 days, and a cap on the number of immigrants allowed in the country. The most controversial issues include an indefinite ban on Syrian refugees, and a ban on anyone arriving from seven Muslim-majority countries (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, and Somalia, and Libya.) A cap of 50,000 refugees total. Immediate impact: All of these were enacted immediately. This means people were immediately stopped from boarding U.S. Flights from the 7 majority Muslim countries. Also, people who were currently on flights were detained when they were landed. As of February 6th, Trump is now facing a number of lawsuits and a federal judge has blocked the ban from going into effect.
3. Border Security
First Order: Trump has declared that the US will create "a contiguous, physical wall or other similarly secure, contiguous, and impassable physical barrier.” Second Order: The second order pledges to hire 10,000 more immigration officers, and to revoke federal grant money from "sanctuary cities" which refuse to deport undocumented immigrants. Immediate Impact: Funding from sanctuary cities stopped, and the hiring of immigration officers. But, before the wall can be built Trumps administration will need to figure out how to raise the money needed.
4. Pipeline Construction Advanced
Trump has signed two orders to advance construction of two pipelines, the Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipeline. Trump told reporters both deals would be renegotiated, and using American steel was a requirement. The Keystone Pipeline is a 1,179-mile pipeline running from Canada to US and was halted by President Barack Obama in 2015 due to concerns over the message it would send about climate change. The second pipeline was halted last year as the Army looked at other routes, and from huge protests by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe at a North Dakota site. Immediate Impact: No immediate impact because the advance on construction of the pipelines have to be reviewed by the Army Corps of Engineers, and approved by the State Department.
5. Managing Healthcare
One of his first actions as president was to manage healthcare and obamacare. An executive order by Trump states that agencies must "waive, defer, grant exemptions from, or delay any portions of the Affordable Care Act that creates financial burden on states, individuals or healthcare providers.” Immediate impact: No immediate impact, because the order must pass in the House of Representatives, pass in the Senate and then be signed into law to take effect.
6. Re-instituting a ban on international abortion counseling
An executive order by Trump reinstated this policy. The policy was originally called the Mexico City policy, and was first instituted by Ronald Reagan in 1984. It prevents any foreign and non government agency or organization to receive US money for providing aid with abortion and for “providing counseling or referrals for abortion or advocating for access to abortion services in their country”. Immediate impact: Because this was an executive order by Trump, the policy only needs to written by the Secretary of State and Health and then the policy will be in effect. After this, foreign organizations will not be able to help and provide services for abortion in the U.S.
7. Federal Hiring Freeze
On Trump's first day as POTUS, he sent a directive in an executive order to Federal agencies to halt new government hiring. The freeze will not affect military spending though. Immediate Impact: The hiring freeze went into effect immediately and is expected to last around 90 days. The freeze allows some exceptions of hiring in military, public, and safety.
8. Withdrawing the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership
Trump issued an executive order that withdrew the U.S. from the TPP. The Partnership was favored by Obama during his years as President. The U.S. was not in the TPP when Trump formally withdrew the U.S. Before the U.S. could be admitted, the trade deal would have had to be approved by Congress. Immediate effect: The U.S. is immediately withdrawn, and the TPPP may fail because of the U.S. pulling out.
By: Matthew McCarthey